ASD is a group of disorders that can affect the development of the nervous system. Symptoms of this disorder are poor communication and social interaction, delay in mental function, repeat behavior and interests, and problems with the sensory system. Austism and Asperger's disease are two disorders classified as ASDs. Asperger’s rarely affects language or cognition, which gives it the term “high-functioning”. Those with medium to high-functioning ASD are candidates for treatment at Plasticity Brain Centers.
ADHD is a disorder that affects a person’s ability to pay attention. It can also lead to impulsive behavior and increased activity. People with this disorder usually show problems with school performance. The diagnosis of ADHD is given if symptoms occur between the age of 6-12 years, and last for more than 6 months.
Cerebral palsy is a non-progressve brain injury or malformation at or before birth. CP is a disorder where abnormal development or damage to areas of the brain that control movement, balance, and posture. This is a permanent disorder that appears in early childhood. Symptoms are poor balance and coordination, weak/stiff muscles, tremors, problems with speaking, hearing, swallowing, vision and sensation. CP is the most common movement disorder in children, affecting 2.1 people per 1,000 live births.
Dyslexia is a disorder of language processing that may include reading disorder. People may have problems reading quickly, spelling words, writing words, or trouble pronouncing words. Dyslexia rarely affects intelligence. Causes include both genetic and environmental factors, and has been linked with disorders like ADHD. Sometimes it can be a result of a developmental challenge, or can be acquired from a brain injury. Dyslexia is considered the most common form of learning disabilities, affecting between 3-7% of the population.